Cross Grip Open Guard Pass

  • Hero is standing in Opp Open Guard
  1. Hero R Hand -> Opp R Gi Ankle
  2. Hero does a little shuffle step with R + L Legs -> L  (AST) Hero slides R knee to the inside of Hero R Arm (Keenan below in the video explains this is as the outside of the R Arm but for me it is easier to remember this as inside Hero R Arm)
    • Hero applies pressure with R Arm and R Leg -> Opp R Thigh; Hero R Hand is maintaining the Gi Grip at the Opp R Ankle
    • Hero is bending legs and posting L Leg to L
    • Opp will normally defend this with L Knee Shield
  3. Hero L Hand -> Opp R Collar Gi
  4. Hero applies pressure to Opp L Knee/leg and torso by lifting hips into the air with Hero L Leg
    • This is a key point because if done correctly it will kill the Opp L Knee because Hero Torso will come over top of the knee and will driving it down to the ground effectively neutralizing it.
  5. Hero walks around to North South while maintaining grips effectively passing the guard.

One of my instructors recently introduced me to this concept. I am sure it is not the first time that I have been shown this but it finally started to click and sink in as a viable option. It has proven to be very effective

Below Keenan Cornelius breaks down this guard pass incredibly well. Keenan’s videos are excellent and I hope to attend a seminar of his and train with him some day. He starts by explaining the ideas of basic guard passing (breaking grips etc..). At approximately 4:45 he starts breaking down this Pass.


Step Over Collar Choke from Side Control

  • Hero is in R Standard Side Control
  • Hero L Hand ->back of Opp Head thumb in Gi Collar
  • Hero R Hand ->UH Opp L Arm
  1. Hero R Hand  -> Opp L Hip Gi; Hero R Forarm -> Opp Hips
  2. Hero jumps to R Knee on Belly
    • Hero applies pressure with R Knee to force Opp to roll onto R Side
    • Opp defends with R + L Arm pushing -> Hero R Knee (AST – ‘at same time’) Opp rolls onto R Side
  3. During transition Hero allows R Knee to slide -> Ground (AST) Hero keeps R Arm tightly against Opp Hips
    • This last point is important to control Opp Hips
  4. Hero L Arm slides L a couple of inches to a fairly loose Gi Collar Grip beside Opp R Neck
  5. Hero steps L Foot -> Opp L Neck; when ready + balanced Hero slides L Leg under Opp back of neck.
    • If needed you can windshield wiper your leg under the back of Opp Head
  6. Hero L inner forearm drops  L -> across Opp neck
    • Hero Elbow points -> L + Outside
    • Hero L Arm continues to apply downward pressure to finish the choke.

Below is a really good video published by Ray Coleman from Black dragon Brazilian Jiu Jitsu that demonstrates this technique really well.

Keep in mind that there are other variations. One common variations uses the idea of dropping your head to the ground while pulling with your arm and kicking with your leg backwards to finish the choke.

Double Leg Takedown

  • Opp and Hero are standing with R Leg forward
  • Opp and Hero have hands up and knees slightly bent in athletic position
  1. Hero  R Leg steps forward -> between Opp Legs (AST) Hero drops his level
  2. Hero takes shot; Hero Right knee drops forward -> Ground; Hero L Leg is posted L
  3. Hero Torso stays vertical; Hero Head -: Opp R Hip
    • Hero Head and Hips are up
    • Hero hits this position tightly and tries to knock Opp back
    • Hero eyes look in the direction of the take down -> R
  4. Hero R + L Hands -> back of Opp R + L Legs
  5. Hero steps up hard with the L Leg and drives Opp hard 90 degrees-> R for takedown

Below is a terrific breakdown by Bruce Steinel on the Double Leg Takedown. He has a bunch of good wrestling videos to learn from.

The Second video posted under MMA Coach on youtube is excellent and shows 6 common mistakes that occur when trying execute a Double Leg. This video has been very helpful to me as I am see myself making these mistakes in each of the points that he makes in the video.


Modified Palm Up/Palm Down Choke from Mount

Modified Palm Up/Palm Down Choke from Mount

  • Hero is mounted on Opp
  1. Hero R Hand -> Opp R Lapel 4 Fingers In
    • Opp now knows that you are going for a cross choke
  2. Hero L Arm -> inside Opp R Arm; Hero L Hand -> Mat and then Hero transitions L Elbow -> Mat
    • this helps isolate/kill Opp R Arm
    • Hero probably needs to lean slightly -> L to keep from being tossed/swept
  3. Hero L Arm reaches around -> top of Opp Head
    • Hero L Thumb -> Opp L Collar Gi; Hero Grips the collar
  4. Hero Forehead -> mat next to Opp L Head/Neck
    • this stabilizes Hero in position to keep from being swept again
    • this also allows room for elbow to come across Opp face in next step
  5. Hero L Wrist/Forearm -> Opp L face; grind across Opp face
    • Opp will defend this grinding action with R Hand which leads to step 6
    • Hero is driving Opp Head into Hero R Wrist
  6. Hero lets L Forearm slide onto Opp neck and drives Forearm down to the mat to finish choke
  7. Hero drops chest down on top of L Wrist/Forearm to  apply more pressure during Choke.

I found this modification in to the Palm Up/Palm Down Choke in the following video. Keenan Cornelius is excellent at breaking down moves. I have found his  videos extremely effective and useful. Really hoping to hit one of his classes one day.

Side Control > Dope Mount > Full Mount

Option #1; Side Control > Dope Mount > Full Mount

  • Hero is in Standard R Side Control
  • Hero L Arm -> Back of Opp  Neck,
  • Hero R Arm (UH) -> Opp L Armpit; Hero Hand -> Opp L Shoulder
  1. Hero L Arm/Hand comes over top of Opp Head -> Opp L Neck; Hero L Hand (UH) -> Opp L Armpit
  2. Hero R Arm/Hand -> Opp L Hip
  3. Hero reverse scissors backwards; R leg steps backwards; L leg is front
    • Hero is in high ‘Reverse Kesa’
  4. Hero R Hand -> Opp L Knee; Hero pulls Opp L knee R -> Ground
  5. Hero forward steps R Leg -> (OH) Opp L Leg (AST) Hero pivots hips to drop R Hip -> ground
    1. Hero is now in ‘Dope Mount’
    2. Opp is now on R Side
    3. Hero has Opp L Leg trapped
  6. Hero can now come to full mount by stepping/slidding R leg -> Opp L Hip Area and on to the mat on the Opp L side.

Option #2: Side Control > Dope Mount > Full Mount

  • Hero is in Standard R Side Control
  • Hero L Arm -> Back of Opp  Neck,
  • Hero R Arm (UH) -> Opp L Armpit; Hero Hand -> Opp L Shoulder
  1. Hero R Arm (UH -‘underhook’) -> Opp R Leg/Thigh(from outside to inside) and (OH-‘overhook’) Opp Left Leg/Thigh (inside to outside).
    • this position makes it very difficult for the Opp to turn into you.
    • Hero R Hand ends up hooking Opp L Thigh
  2. Hero steps R Leg/Knee -> Opp R Leg; Hero uses body and R Leg to drive Opp on to L side.
    • Opp L Leg is on the bottom and R Leg will be driven into the ground
    • Hero R Leg/shin traps Opp L Leg -> ground
  3. Hero switches knees by bringing L Knee between Opp legs and posting R Leg -> R
    • This position is generally called the ‘dope mount’
  4. Hero ‘crossfaces’ Opp by driving R shoulder to Opp neck/face
    • this flattens Opp out on to back and shoulders
  5. Hero R Knee slides into Opp L Chest/Side
  6. Hero comes to full mount by stepping L leg to Opp R Chest/Side

The Instructor in the following video does a great job of demonstrating Option #2. This video was posted in Youtube by BQuick Jiu Jitsu Europe. At the end of the video you can watch students practicing the transition.

Closed Guard Jump Pass

Closed Guard Jump Pass

  • Hero is in Opp Closed Guard
  1. Hero R Hand -> Opp Gi Stomach (keep elbow tucked tight to sides and inside Opp Leg
  2. Hero L Hand -> Opp R inner thigh Gi
  3. Hero Maintains high posture and pivots L (45 degrees); (AST) Hero Steps L Leg back  L (45 degrees)
    • this pivoting action helps to bring Hero R Knee -> Opp Tail Bone
  4. Hero L Forearm drives Opp R Thigh -> Ground
  5. Hero adjusts L Leg -> inside of Opp R Ankle (this is a key point)
  6. Hero jumps R + L Leg -> L past Opp R Leg (outside) preferably to knee on belly or side control
  7. Hero L Hand -> Opp back of neck
  8. Hero R Hand -> Opp R hip

Mount Escape: Elbow to Knee

  • Opp is mounted on Hero
  • Hero R + L Arms are in “Home Alone” position
  • If possible try to bridge to get Opp to collapse forward making his R + L Arms go to the mat.
    • This will take pressure off the Opp knees allowing for an easier transition.
  1. Hero R leg goes flat
  2. Hero R Arm/Elbow stays tight to R Side
  3. Hero turn R to pivots onto R Hip
  4. Hero R Knee goes under Opp R foot (AST) Hero R Elbow slides down Hero R Thigh (Elbow -> Knee)
  5. Hero turns L and switches/pivots Hips from R Hip to L Hip
  6. Hero L Elbow slides down Hero L Thigh (AST) Hero L Knee -> under Opp L Foot
  7. Hero turns back R to come to Open or Closed Guard

In the Video below which was posted by Gracie Barra’s Mark Mullen he starts with the L Leg(opposite to the instruction above).

Baseball Bat Choke from Side Control

Baseball Bat Choke from Side Control

  • Hero has Opp in R Side Control
  • Opp has R + L Hand in Home Alone Position
  1. Hero L Hand -> back of Opp L Neck Gi (thumb in)
  2. Hero R Arm swims under Opp L Arm; Hero R Hand -> 1-3 inshes beside Hero L and and ->Opp L Gi Lapel (four fingers in)
  3. Hero jumps up with L Leg posted L;  R knee on ground
    • often the Opp R Arm will defend by pushing on Hero R or L Arm to prevent pressure (not shown in video below)
  4. Hero R Knee slices L -> Opp R Arm to secure it -> ground; Hero may need to adjust L foot slightly L at this point.
  5. Hero bends R wrist to create “V” on outside of hand(this will fit nicely across Opp neck)
  6. Hero turns R -> N/S(Northsouth) (AST) Hero drops R Arm; Hero Head -> Opp R Hip to apply pressure
    • Hero R + L Elbows will touch or almost touch
    • Hero continues to turn to finish choke

This video from SidewinderBJJ does a great job demonstrating the Baseball Bat Choke

Baratoplata Shoulder Lock from Mount

Baratoplata Shoulder Lock from Mount

  • These steps attack the Opp L Shoulder (do opposite for R Shoulder)
  • Hero is mounted on top of Opp
  • Opp arms are in tight to defend (Home Alone Position)
  1. Hero R Arm -> UH Opp L Arm; (attack the bottom arm); Hero R Hand -> either the Opp L Wrist or to tie both arms up then the R Wrist
  2. Hero L Hand -> Opp R Elbow/Arm to hold it down
  3. Hero steps R leg up so knee is bent and R foot is on the ground.
  4. Hero steps L Leg over Opp (AST) turning R; Hero L foot ends up at Opp L Neck
  5. Hero R Hand -> Hero L Thigh (locking Opp L Arm in place
  6. Hero L Arm -> L Mat to adjust body as needed
    • Important for Hero to get underhook on Opp R Arm to keep Opp from moving/following Hero during submission
  7. Hero turns back L and sits hips down on the L side of Opp to finish Submission
  • Often at this point the Opp will feel danger and the Opp will bridge to their R to put Hero on their back
  • Hero maintains grips during this transition and can finish the Baratoplata from the bottem
  1. Hero Left hand -> Opp L back of Elbow
  2. Hero L Leg clamps down on Opp L shoulder and back to secure position
  3. Hero R Foot -> Opp L Hip
  4. Hero pushes with R Foot/Leg and moves hips to outside to finish Shoulder Lock

This video by Rafael “Barata” Freitas from Gracie Barra does an excellent job demonstrating the Baratoplata. Both it and my Jiu Jitsu Notes have helped me mentally understand it and to physically execute it while rolling.

Side Control to Far Side Straight Armlock to Armbar

#1)Side Control to Far Side Straight Armlock to Armbar

  • Hero has Opp in R side control
  • Opp L Arm -> Hero R Neck (key detail)
  • Hero R Arm UH(under hook) Opp L arm; Hero L Arm -> back of Opp Neck
  1. Hero Head and R Arm squeeze tight -> Opp L Arm
  2. Hero L Hand comes over the top and -> Opp L Neck/Head; Hero L Hand/Arm pushes Opp Head -> L
  3. Hero stays low and slides R Knee across Opp Chest -> Opp L ribs and ground
  4. Hero L Knee slides over top of Opp Face -> Opp L Neck Area
    • Hero L foot can go -> Opp R Armpit for better stabilization
  5. Hero R + L Hands Gable Grip and Hero L Forearm -> just slightly above the Opp L elbow towards the triceps
  6. Hero tightens up on Opp L Arm with Head and Arms  to finish the Armlock applying pressure to the L Elbow Joint
    • The video below by Carnage BJJ/Jamie Jara shows the finish to this sequence.
    • It has slightly different leg seqeunce as he starts with his L Leg first and he decides to insert his L Leg under the back of the Opp Head. This works very well also and may provide better balance during the transition depending on your Opp.


#2)Failed Far Side Straight Armlock to Armbar

  • At Step #5 above Opp turns L Arm to avoid armlock
  • Opp L Arm bends 90 degrees and Opp L Hand -> Opp L rib/hip area
  1. Hero R Hand -> Opp L Triceps/Elbow
  2. Hero L Arm posts High L
  3. Hero keeps Legs tight and pivots R to come 180 degrees(facing up) into armbar postion
    • hero L + R Legs are bent; Knees tight
    • Hero is on back
  4. Hero finishes Armbar by pulling down on the Opp L Forearm and lifting hips.